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Explore the Magnificent Duomo Florence | History, Architecture, Visitor Information

Explore Florence's iconic Duomo, the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral. Marvel at its stunning marble facade, including Giotto's Bell Tower. Climb the dome for panoramic city views and admire the exquisite frescoes inside. This architectural gem, da...

Also Known As

Duomo Florence

Founded On

1436

Founded By

‎Filippo Brunelleschi

FlorenceDuomo Florence Florence Cathedral

Quick information

RECOMMENDED DURATION

3 hours

VISITORS PER YEAR

4500000

EXPECTED WAIT TIME - STANDARD

0-30 mins (Peak), 0-30 mins (Off Peak)

UNESCO YEAR

1982

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Did you know?

Test out the acoustic wonder of the Duomo's Whispering Gallery. Stand in one corner and whisper a secret to someone on the opposite side, and hear it perfectly transmitted through the curved space—a fascinating auditory phenomenon.

The cathedral's exterior was not originally pink and white. The Duomo's exterior was originally covered in a smooth, white marble façade, but over time, the marble began to weather and turn pink.

While the construction of Brunelleschi's dome is well-documented, the original model or plans for the dome's construction have never been found. Brunelleschi took this secret to his grave, leaving behind an architectural mystery.

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What to do at Duomo Florence?

Circle Piazza del Duomo
Explore the Cathedral interior
Admire the Baptistery
Ascend Giotto’s Bell Tower
Experience Duomo Terraces
Climb Brunelleschi’s Dome
Visit Opera del Duomo Museum
See Porta della Mandorla

See Porta della Mandorla

The Porta della Mandorla, situated on the eastern side of Florence's Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (Duomo), features a renowned bronze relief depicting the "Mandorla," showcasing the Virgin Mary surrounded by angels.

History of the Duomo Florence

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

Who built the Duomo Florence?

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

The Duomo Florence was built by several prominent architects and artists including Arnolfo di Cambio, Filippo Brunelleschi, Giotto, Andrea Pisano, Neri di Fioravanti, Giovanni di Lapo Ghini, and Francesco Talenti. 

Brunelleschi designed the renowned red-tiled dome, while Giotto and Pisano contributed to the bell tower design. The ornate façade was a collaborative effort and took over a century to complete. The cathedral blends Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles and ideas, making it a unique fusion of different architectural eras.

Architecture & design of Duomo Florence

The Duomo Florence is a fusion of Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque architectural styles, characterized by its grand scale, intricate details, and use of marble and terra cotta. The façade features pointed arches, carvings, and bronze doors. The most well-known feature is its red-tiled dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, a remarkable feat of engineering. 

The bell tower, designed by Giotto and Andrea Pisano, is renowned for its proportions and carvings. The seating area is spacious with inlaid marble flooring and stained glass windows. The Duomo is a masterpiece of architecture, a must-visit for anyone interested in the history of art and architecture.

Why is the Florence Cathedral called the Duomo? 

The word "duomo" is derived from the Italian word for "cathedral." The cathedral is the main church of Florence and one of the largest in Italy. It is considered one of the masterpieces of Gothic architecture and has served as a landmark of the city for centuries. 

The significance of the name "Duomo" lies in its designation as the central cathedral of the city, a symbol of religious and cultural importance to the people of Florence. 

The cathedral has been an important site for religious ceremonies, including papal visits, and is considered a symbol of the power and wealth of the Florentine Republic during the Renaissance.

Duomo Florence's role in astronomy

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

The Florence Cathedral has played a significant role in the field of astronomy. The cathedral's dome was used as a solar observatory in the 16th century by the famous astronomer and mathematician Galileo Galilei. He used the cathedral's lantern to observe sunspots and made some of his most important discoveries about the solar system from there. 

The cathedral's location and design, with its large dome and openings for light, made it an ideal observatory for observing the sun and the stars. Its role in the history of astronomy highlights its significance not only as a religious and architectural landmark but also as a scientific one.

Frequently asked questions about Duomo Florence

What is the Duomo of Florence?

The Duomo Florence is one of the largest churches in Italy, located in the heart of Florence. A magnificent example of Italian Renaissance architecture and design, the cathedral is known for its iconic dome.

When was the Duomo built?

Construction of the Duomo started in 1296 and was completed in 1436.

Who designed the Duomo?

The design of the Duomo was primarily carried out by the architect Arnolfo di Cambio.

What is the height of the Duomo?

The height of the Duomo is approximately 114 meters.

What is the dome of the Duomo made of?

The dome of the Duomo is made of brick and covered in marble.

What are the famous works of art in the Duomo?

The Duomo is home to many famous works of art, including frescoes by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari, the bronze "Gates of Paradise" by Lorenzo Ghiberti, and the fresco on the dome by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari.

Why was the Duomo Florence built and for what purpose?

Duomo Florence was built as a cathedral for the Roman Catholic Church.

When did Duomo Florence open?

Duomo Florence, or the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, opened its doors in 1436.

What is Duomo Florence famous for?

The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (Duomo) in Florence is famous for its stunning Renaissance dome, designed by Filippo Brunelleschi.

What’s inside Duomo Florence?

Inside Duomo Florence you will find the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, Baptistery, Bell Tower, Museum, and Terraces.

How do I book tickets to visit Duomo Florence?

Book your Duomo Florence tickets online for a convenient, hassle-free experience.

How much does it cost to visit Duomo Florence?

The Duomo Florence ticket prices start at €14.

What are the Duomo Florence opening hours?

Duomo Florence is open Monday to Friday, from 10:15 AM to 4:15 PM. It is closed on Sundays, and public holidays.