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Explore the Magnificent Duomo Florence | History, Architecture, Visitor Information

Explore Florence's iconic Duomo, the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral. Marvel at its stunning marble facade, including Giotto's Bell Tower. Climb the dome for panoramic city views and admire the exquisite frescoes inside. This architectural gem, dating back to the 13th century, is a masterpiece of Gothic and Renaissance artistry.

Also Known As

Duomo Florence

Founded On

1436

Founded By

‎Filippo Brunelleschi

FlorenceDuomo Florence Florence Cathedral

Quick information

VISITORS PER YEAR

4500000

EXPECTED WAIT TIME - STANDARD

0-30 mins (Peak), 0-30 mins (Off Peak)

UNESCO YEAR

1982

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Fun facts

Test out the acoustic wonder of the Duomo's Whispering Gallery. Stand in one corner and whisper a secret to someone on the opposite side, and hear it perfectly transmitted through the curved space—a fascinating auditory phenomenon.

The cathedral's exterior was not originally pink and white. The Duomo's exterior was originally covered in a smooth, white marble façade, but over time, the marble began to weather and turn pink.

While the construction of Brunelleschi's dome is well-documented, the original model or plans for the dome's construction have never been found. Brunelleschi took this secret to his grave, leaving behind an architectural mystery.




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Florence Cathedral Guided Tour with Optional Dome Climb
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What's the Duomo Florence?

The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower, also known as the Duomo in Florence, is a famous landmark and a symbol of the city. Built in the 14th century, it is considered a masterpiece of Gothic architecture and is known for its iconic red-tiled dome designed by Brunelleschi. 

The cathedral is also significant for its art and history, including the famous sculpture "David" by Michelangelo.

Quick Facts About Duomo Florence

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
  • Official Name: Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
  • Type of Attraction: Cathedral
  • Denomination: Roman Catholic
  • Location: Situated in the heart of Florence, Italy
  • Founded: Construction began in the 5th century and took nearly 140 years to complete
  • Architecture Style: The cathedral's design is a mix of Gothic and Renaissance styles.
  • Number of Visitors Per Year: Approximately 4.5 million visitors.

Plan Your Visit to Duomo Florence

Location
Opening Hours
Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

What To See At Duomo Florence, Rome?

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

Facade

The Facade of the Duomo is a stunning example of Gothic architecture and serves as the front of the cathedral. It features intricate details, including sculptures, reliefs, and ornate decoration. 

Visitors can admire the facade from the cathedral square or take a closer look from street level. The facade is considered one of the most beautiful and important architectural elements of the cathedral and is a must-see for any visitor to the Duomo.

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

Porta della Mandorla

The Porta della Mandorla is a door located on the eastern side of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (Duomo) in Florence, Italy. It is known for its bronze relief depicting the "Mandorla," a representation of the Virgin Mary surrounded by angels and is considered one of the most important works of Italian Renaissance sculpture. 

The door is a testament to the artistic and cultural significance of the Duomo and is a popular attraction for visitors to the cathedral.

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

The Duomo Terraces

The Duomo Terraces offer panoramic views of Florence and its surroundings from the roof of the cathedral. Visitors can enjoy breathtaking views from different angles, including views of the city's red-tiled roofs and landmarks such as the Campanile Bell Tower. 

Access to the terraces requires a separate ticket and may be subject to limited availability. The terraces provide an ideal spot to admire the beauty of Florence and capture stunning photos.

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

History of the Duomo Florence, Florence

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

Who Built the Duomo Florence?

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

The Duomo Florence was built by several prominent architects and artists including Arnolfo di Cambio, Filippo Brunelleschi, Giotto, Andrea Pisano, Neri di Fioravanti, Giovanni di Lapo Ghini, and Francesco Talenti. 

Brunelleschi designed the renowned red-tiled dome, while Giotto and Pisano contributed to the bell tower design. The ornate façade was a collaborative effort and took over a century to complete. The cathedral blends Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles and ideas, making it a unique fusion of different architectural eras.

Design of the Duomo Florence

The Duomo Florence is a fusion of Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque architectural styles, characterized by its grand scale, intricate details, and use of marble and terra cotta. The façade features pointed arches, carvings, and bronze doors. The most well-known feature is its red-tiled dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, a remarkable feat of engineering. 

The bell tower, designed by Giotto and Andrea Pisano, is renowned for its proportions and carvings. The seating area is spacious with inlaid marble flooring and stained glass windows. The Duomo is a masterpiece of architecture, a must-visit for anyone interested in the history of art and architecture.

Duomo Florence Interiors

The inside of the Duomo in Florence is equally stunning as the outside. The central aisle is large and bright and features graceful marble columns.

The highlight of the interior is the magnificent dome, which is adorned with intricate frescoes by artists Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari. The cathedral also contains the Baptistry of San Giovanni, famous for its beautiful bronze doors and exceptional acoustics for singing.

Visitors can also view Ghiberti's "Gates of Paradise," a remarkable work of Renaissance metalworking, and the sacristy, which holds valuable art, including a painting by Taddeo Gaddi. The interiors of the Duomo Florence are a testament to the artistic talent and creative brilliance of Renaissance artists and architects.

Why is the Florence Cathedral Called the Duomo? 

The word "duomo" is derived from the Italian word for "cathedral." The cathedral is the main church of Florence and one of the largest in Italy. It is considered one of the masterpieces of Gothic architecture and has served as a landmark of the city for centuries. 

The significance of the name "Duomo" lies in its designation as the central cathedral of the city, a symbol of religious and cultural importance to the people of Florence. 

The cathedral has been an important site for religious ceremonies, including papal visits, and is considered a symbol of the power and wealth of the Florentine Republic during the Renaissance.

Astronomical Uses of the Duomo Florence in Florence

Duomo Florence Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower

The Florence Cathedral has played a significant role in the field of astronomy. The cathedral's dome was used as a solar observatory in the 16th century by the famous astronomer and mathematician Galileo Galilei. 

He used the cathedral's lantern to observe sunspots and made some of his most important discoveries about the solar system from there. 

The cathedral's location and design, with its large dome and openings for light, made it an ideal observatory for observing the sun and the stars. Its role in the history of astronomy highlights its significance not only as a religious and architectural landmark but also as a scientific one.

Frequently Asked Questions About Duomo Florence in Florence

Q. What is the Duomo of Florence?

A. The Duomo Florence is one of the largest churches in Italy, located in the heart of Florence. A magnificent example of Italian Renaissance architecture and design, the cathedral is known for its iconic dome.

Q. When was the Duomo built?

A. Construction of the Duomo started in 1296 and was completed in 1436.

Q. Who designed the Duomo?

A. The design of the Duomo was primarily carried out by the architect Arnolfo di Cambio.

Q. What is the height of the Duomo?

A. The height of the Duomo is approximately 114 meters.

Q. What is the dome of the Duomo made of?

A. The dome of the Duomo is made of brick and covered in marble.

Q. What are the famous works of art in the Duomo?

A. The Duomo is home to many famous works of art, including frescoes by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari, the bronze "Gates of Paradise" by Lorenzo Ghiberti, and the fresco on the dome by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari.

Q. Why was the Duomo Florence built and for what purpose?

A. Duomo Florence was built as a cathedral for the Roman Catholic Church.

Q. When did Duomo Florence open?

A. Duomo Florence, or the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, opened its doors in 1436.

Q. What is Duomo Florence famous for?

A. The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore (Duomo) in Florence is famous for its stunning Renaissance dome, designed by Filippo Brunelleschi.

Q. What’s inside Duomo Florence?

A. Inside Duomo Florence you will find the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, Baptistery, Bell Tower, Museum, and Terraces.

Q. How do I book tickets to visit Duomo Florence?

A. Book your Duomo Florence tickets online for a convenient, hassle-free experience.

Q. How much does it cost to visit Duomo Florence?

A. The Duomo Florence ticket prices start at €14.

Q. What are the Duomo Florence opening hours?

A. Duomo Florence is open Monday to Friday, from 10:15 AM to 4:15 PM. It is closed on Sundays, and public holidays.